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How many times is the lithium battery life cycle?

How many times is the lithium battery life cycle?

Release date:2018-11-16 author: clicks:

With the promotion of social energy conservation and environmental protection, more and more environmentally friendly products have been applied to the market. In the battery industry, the ternary lithium-ion battery quickly occupied the market with numerous advantages and gradually replaced the traditional lead-acid battery. For the traditional battery, the ternary lithium-ion battery has the advantages of long life, energy saving, no pollution, low maintenance cost, complete charge and discharge, light weight, etc. It is said that the life of the ternary lithium battery is long and to what extent?


Ternary lithium ion battery


What is a ternary lithium-ion battery?


In nature, lithium is a light metal with a small atomic mass*, and its atomic weight is 6.94 g/mol, ρ = 0.53 g/cm3. Lithium is chemically active, and it is easy to lose electrons to be oxidized to Li+. Therefore, the standard electrode potential is negative, -3.045V, and the electrochemical equivalent * is small, 0.26g/Ah. These characteristics of lithium determine that it is a kind of Very high energy material. The ternary lithium battery refers to a lithium secondary battery using three kinds of transition metal oxides of nickel, cobalt and manganese as a positive electrode material. It fully integrates the good cycle performance of lithium cobaltate, the high specific capacity of lithium nickelate and the high safety and low cost of lithium manganate. It synthesizes nickel by molecular level mixing, doping, coating and surface modification. A multi-element synergistic composite lithium intercalation oxide such as cobalt manganese. It is a lithium ion rechargeable battery that has been widely studied and applied.


Ternary lithium battery life


The so-called lithium iron phosphate lithium ion battery life refers to the battery capacity after a period of use, the capacity is reduced to a nominal capacity (room temperature 25 ° C, standard atmospheric pressure, and battery capacity discharged at 0.2 C) 70%, lithium iron phosphate lithium ion The battery can be considered to have an end of life. In the industry, the cycle life is generally calculated by the number of cycles in which the lithium battery is fully charged. During the process of use, irreversible electrochemical reactions occur inside the lithium battery, resulting in a decrease in capacity, such as decomposition of the electrolyte, deactivation of the active material, collapse of the positive and negative structures, and reduction in the number of lithium ion insertion and deintercalation. . Experiments have shown that higher rate discharges result in faster attenuation of the capacity. If the discharge current is lower, the battery voltage will approach the equilibrium voltage and release more energy.


The theoretical life of a ternary lithium battery is about 800 cycles, which is medium in commercial rechargeable lithium batteries. Lithium iron phosphate is about 2000 times, and lithium titanate is said to reach 10,000 cycles. At present, the mainstream battery manufacturers promise more than 500 times in the ternary battery specifications produced by them (charge and discharge under standard conditions), but after the batteries are assembled into battery packs, due to consistency problems, mainly voltage and internal The resistance cannot be exactly the same, and its cycle life is about 400 times. The manufacturer recommends that the SOC use window be 10%~90%. It is not recommended to carry out deep charge and discharge. Otherwise, it will cause irreversible damage to the positive and negative structures of the battery. If it is calculated by shallow charge and shallow release, the cycle life is at least 1000 times. In addition, if the lithium battery is often discharged in a high rate and high temperature environment, the battery life will be greatly reduced to less than 200 times.


The number of life cycles of a lithium battery is based on battery quality and battery material:


1. The number of ternary materials is about 800 cycles.


2. The number of cycles of lithium iron phosphate battery is about 2,500 times.


3, the number of genuine battery and defective battery cycle is different, the original battery is designed and produced according to the number of cycles on the battery manufacturer's specification book, and the number of defective battery cycles may not be 50 times.


Ternary lithium battery life


The so-called lithium battery life refers to the battery capacity after a period of use, the capacity is reduced to 70% of the nominal capacity (room temperature 25 ° C, standard atmospheric pressure, and battery capacity discharged at 0.2 C), lithium manganese oxide lithium ion battery

The end of life can be considered. In the industry, the cycle life is generally calculated by the number of cycles in which the lithium battery is fully charged. During the process of use, irreversible electrochemical reactions occur inside the lithium battery, resulting in a decrease in capacity, such as decomposition of the electrolyte, deactivation of the active material, collapse of the positive and negative structures, and reduction in the number of lithium ion insertion and deintercalation. . Experiments have shown that higher rate discharges result in faster attenuation of the capacity. If the discharge current is lower, the battery voltage will approach the equilibrium voltage and release more energy.


The theoretical life of a ternary lithium battery is about 800 cycles, which is medium in commercial rechargeable lithium batteries. Lithium iron phosphate is about 2000 times, and lithium titanate is said to reach 10,000 cycles. At present, the mainstream battery manufacturers promise more than 500 times in the ternary battery specifications produced by them (charge and discharge under standard conditions), but after the batteries are assembled into battery packs, due to consistency problems, mainly voltage and internal The resistance cannot be exactly the same, and its cycle life is about 400 times. The manufacturer recommends that the SOC use window be 10%~90%. It is not recommended to carry out deep charge and discharge. Otherwise, it will cause irreversible damage to the positive and negative structures of the battery. If it is calculated by shallow charge and shallow release, the cycle life is at least 1000 times. In addition, if the lithium battery is often discharged in a high rate and high temperature environment, the battery life will be greatly reduced to less than 200 times.


Hebei Xin Power has long-term manufacturing battery packs, ternary lithium batteries, lithium iron phosphate batteries, lithium iron manganate batteries, lithium-ion batteries and so on. The product has a wide range of applications and high quality. Xin Power is the top battery brand in China.


Contemporary in today's lithium battery market, ternary lithium battery is a wide range of applications, moderate in performance, lithium manganese oxide lithium battery is lower in price, so the price of using ternary lithium battery is * of. People always say that the life of the ternary lithium battery is long, how long is it? The ternary polymer lithium battery refers to a lithium battery using a nickel-cobalt-manganese hydride (Li(NiCoMn)O2) ternary positive electrode material for the positive electrode material, and a ternary composite positive electrode material precursor product, which is a nickel salt, a cobalt salt, and a manganese salt. As raw materials, the ratio of nickel-cobalt-manganese can be adjusted according to actual needs. The battery with ternary material as positive electrode is safer than lithium cobalt oxide battery, but the voltage is too low, which is used on mobile phones (the cut-off voltage of mobile phone is generally around 3.4V). ) There will be a noticeable lack of capacity.


Ternary lithium battery performance:


The material with relatively balanced capacity and safety has better cycle performance than normal lithium cobalt oxide. Its nominal voltage is only 3.5-3.6V in the early stage due to technical reasons. However, there are restrictions on the scope of use, but until now, with the formulation With continuous improvement and perfect structure, the nominal voltage of the battery has reached 3.7V, and the capacity has reached or exceeded the level of lithium cobalt oxide battery.


1. The voltage platform is high. The voltage platform is an important indicator of the energy density of the battery, which determines the basic performance and cost of the battery, so it is of great significance for the selection of battery materials. The higher the voltage platform, the larger the specific capacity, the same volume, weight, and even the same battery, the higher the voltage of the ternary material lithium battery battery mileage is farther. The voltage platform of the ternary material is significantly higher than lithium iron phosphate, the high line can reach 4.2 volts, and the discharge platform can reach 3.6 or 3.7 volts.


2, high energy density


3, high tap density

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